Warren CommissionThe Warren Commission was established to investigate the assassination of the American president John F. Kennedy in 1963. The commission took its name from its chairman, Chief Justice Earl Warren. Among the other commissioners were Senators Richard Russell and John Sherman Cooper, Representatives Gerald Ford and Hale Boggs, plus former World Bank President John J. McCloy and former CIA Director Allen Dulles.
In the years following its release, the Warren Commission's findings came under much criticism for some of its methods and conclusions, in particular its allowing of the destruction of crucial evidence by the law enforcement authorities and intelligence agencies without any adverse comment. Comments were apparently made on this behind closed doors, but this did not reach the published report.
The report concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone, was responsible for the assassination of Kennedy. This conclusion has been challenged on many grounds, not least of which being the "Magic Bullet Theory" whereby one bullet not only changed direction and velocity twice, but was responsible for no less than seven separate wounds inflicted upon Kennedy and Governor John Connally. This bullet then emerged pristine to be discovered at a latter time upon Kennedy's stretcher.
Quite how it came to be there, or if indeed it ever originated from the alleged murder weapon has been the subject of much debate.
Several individual pieces of the Commission's findings have been called into question or discredited since its completion. A subsequent Congressional hearing into the assassination (the House Select Committee on Assassinations) ultimately suspected a larger conspiracy. Other independant investigators and authors have also provided research into elements of the Commission's report, and are ongoing.
As specific conclusions relating to who committed the assassination are proven or disproven, the Warren Commission has other descriptive evidence and causation for the event, such as grossly insufficient security provided by the Secret Service to protect the president. These specific findings prompted the Secret Service to make numerous modifications to their security procedures.
The Warren Commission was a several hundred page document, and its conclusions about who killed Kennedy did not comprise the entire report. If in future part or all of its conclusions about Kennedy's assassin or assassins is reversed with conclusive scientific evidence, it is important to note that the report has a wider span than simply its conclusions about Kennedy's assassin.
Studies adding credence to, as well as those discrediting the Warren Commission report exist, and research to both ends is ongoing.