It is located in the eastern part of the country, between 17°10' and 22°38' North and between 93°55' and 98°38' West. It has a mainland area of 72,815 km˛ and includes several islands in the Gulf of Mexico totalling another 58 km˛. Its ISO 3166-2 code is MX-VER.
Veracruz borders the states of Tamaulipas to the north, Oaxaca and Chiapas to the south, Tabasco to the southeast, Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosí to the west, and the Gulf of Mexico to the east. Its capital is Xalapa. With 6.9 million inhabitants, the state of Veracruz is the third most populous in the nation, after the Federal District and Mexico (state).
On the coastal plains and throughout most of the state, the climate is hot and humid. On the foothills of the mountains, the climate is cool and humid. The climate only becomes cold in the mountain regions, where it also rains copiously. From June to October, Veracruz is affected by cyclones.
Its official name is Veracruz-Llave, as the name was changed from simply Veracruz in honor of General Ignacio de la Llave, who died in 1863 during the French invasion of Mexico.
See also: Municipalities of Veracruz