Treaty of NanjingThe Treaty of Nanjing is the agreement which ended the First Opium War between the United Kingdom and China.
It was signed in 1842 onboard the British warship HMS Cornwallis.
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2 Opium trade
Together, the above six ports are the Treaty Ports.
The treaty also ensured the continuance of the opium trade, which was profitable for the English and which many historians believe to have been devastating to the Chinese.
In June 1858 the first part of the Second Opium War ended with the Treaties of Tianjin, to which France, Russia, and the United States were party. These treaties opened eleven more ports to Western trade. They were ratified by the emperor in the Beijing Convention in 1860, after the end of the war.
See also: Nanjing