Archimedes put his scientific discoveries to practical use in the development of various machines, notably the Archimedean screw and various military engines that were used to resist the invading Romans for three years. The city nonetheless fell to Roman forces in 212 BC. A siege in AD 878 inaugurated two centuries of Muslim rule.
Another city named Syracuse can be found in New York. In addition, there are smaller places named Syracuse, Indiana and Syracuse, Nebraska.