SortitionSortition is the act of random selection, particularly of decision makers. Today the only government positions regularly filled this way are court juries, however it has been used for political and administrative offices, sometimes combined with an element of qualification or election.
Classical advocates of sortition, such as Aristotle, held that it was a more democratic process than election since it was less influenced by money and fame. Contempory supporters also add that sortition allows direct democracy to scale up to today's large populations: by reducing the number of people making a decision from the whole population down to an unbiased sample of that population, sortition alleviates the problems of voter fatigue and rational ignorance which occur in general elections and referenda.
- The Athenian Democracy made much use of sortition, with nearly all government offices filled by lottery rather than by election.
- The Doges of Venice were appointed by a lengthy procedure which alternated between sortition and election.
- Non Government
- Consensus conferences have been run un the USA by the Loka Institute, a nonprofit organization concerned with the social, political, and environmental repercussions of research, science and technology.
- Deliberative Polls