Seven Wonders of the World
The seven wonders of the ancient world are structures built by humans. The originator of the list is usually given as Antipater of Sidon, who listed the structures in a poem (around 140 BCE) as being exceptional achievements. Both Herodotus and Callimachus of Cyrene had made earlier lists but the writings did not survive except as references. The list as seen below, with the Lighthouse of Alexandria, is medieval in origin. Antipater's list had the walls of Babylon rather than the lighthouse.
In chronological order, they are:
- The Great Pyramid of Giza, serving as a tomb for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, in present Egypt. Estimated date of completion: 2680 BC.
- The Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the walls of Babylon, both built by Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC in present Iraq.
- The Statue of Zeus at Olympia carved by the Greek sculptor Pheidias, 5th century BC in present Greece.
- The Temple of Artemis, 350 BC, at Ephesus, present Turkey.
- The Mausoleum of Maussollos, the Persian satrap of Caria, 350 BC, at Halicarnassus, present Bodrum, Turkey.
- The Colossus of Rhodes, a huge statue of Helios, 280 BC, in present Greece.
- The Lighthouse of Alexandria (or Pharos), built by Sostratus of Cnidus, 3rd century BC, in present Egypt.
Other ancient buildings often included in lists of wonders of the world include:
- Angkor Wat (Cambodia) (approx. 1000 years old)
- Stonehenge (England)
- The Acropolis (Greece)
- The Great Sphinx of Giza (near the Great Pyramid, in Egypt)
- The Great Wall of China
- The Taj Mahal