Second Anglo-Dutch WarThe Second Anglo-Dutch War was fought between England and the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands from 1665 to 1667.
After incidents involving the English capture of Dutch trading posts and colonies in West Africa and North America - subsequently recaptured by the Dutch - the English declared war on the Netherlands on March 4, 1665. After the First Anglo-Dutch War the Dutch were better prepared, having extended their navy.
The first encounter between the nations was, as in the First Anglo-Dutch War, at sea. The war started with the Battle at Lowesoft, where the British gained a victory.
The huge Four Days Battle 1666 ended up in both sides claiming victory; Dutch admiral Michiel de Ruyter had retreated, but he had also caused twice as much losses for the English as they had for the Dutch.
After this, the English won several victories, but due to financial problems they were forced to keep quiet. On June 17, 1667, the Dutch raided the English fleet at Chatham, at the mouth of the River Thames, destroyed a large part of the fleet and capturing the Royal Charles, flagship of the English (the coat-of-arms from the ship is now on display in the Rijksmuseum.)
After this, the English were keen to sign a peace treaty, and so were the Dutch as they had to deal with a French invasion at the same time. On July 31, 1667, the Treaty of Breda sealed peace between the two nations. The treaty allowed the English to keep the territory around New Amsterdam (the current New York), the Dutch received control over Suriname instead.