SculptureSculpture is any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression.
Sculpting is the art of assembling or shaping an object. It may be of any size and of any suitable material.
A tree sculpture at Bristol Zoo, Bristol, England. This has been sculpted, with a chain saw, from a standing tree. The tree was diseased and would otherwise have been felled.
Traditional sculpting materials are:
- papier mache
- the environment
- liquid crystals
- many other man-made materials
- found objects
Image of a sculpture
Some of the forms of sculpture are:
- Relief - sculpture still attached to a background, standing out from that ground in "High Relief" or "Low Relief" (bas-relief)
- Free-standing sculpture
- Mobile (See also Calder's Stabiles.)
The Australian copyright case of Greenfield Products Pty Ltd v. Rover-Scott Bonnar Ltd (1990) 17 IPR 417 is authority for the proposition that a thing not intended to be a sculpture is not a sculpture. This seems contrary to some famous examples of sculpture, including Marcel Duchamp's 1917 sculpture consisting of a porcelain urinal lying on its back, entitled "Fountain", and Carl Andre's sculpture "Equivalent III" exhibited in the Tate Gallery in 1978, consisting of bricks stacked in a rectangle.
See: List of sculptors
See also: sculpture basic topics