Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of LiverpoolRobert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (June 7, 1770 - December 4, 1828) was a British statesman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1812 to 1827.
The son of George III's close adviser Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool, Jenkinson entered the House of Commons in 1790 and rose quickly through the Tory ranks. He served as a member of the Board of Control for India (1793-1796), and as Master of the Mint (1799-1801). He was Lord Hawkesbury from 1796 to 1808, before succeeding to his father's title. In Henry Addington's government Hawkesbury entered the cabinet as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, in which capacity he he negotiated the Treaty of Amiens with France.
In later governments, Hawkesbury continued to serve in important cabinet positions - as Home Secretary in Pitt's second government and the Duke of Portland's second government, and then as Secretary of State for War and the Colonies in Perceval's government.
When Perceval was assassinated in May, 1812, Lord Liverpool succeeded him as prime minister. Liverpool's ministry was a long and eventful one - it saw Britain's victory in the Napoleonic Wars, the Congress of Vienna, and the eventful early years of peace which followed. Liverpool, aware that his abilities were no more than moderate, generally stayed in the background, letting more brilliant subordinates like Lord Castlereagh, George Canning, the Duke of Wellington, Robert Peel, and William Huskisson, all of whom served under him, take leading parts. Nevertheless, Liverpool was himself a skilful politician, and held together the liberal and reactionary wings of the Tory party, which his successor, Canning, failed to do. Liverpool retired in 1827.
Lord Liverpool's Administration, June 1812 - April 1827