Pope Lucius IIILucius III. (Ubaldo Allucingoli), pope from September 1, 1181 to November 25, 1185, a native of Lucca and a Cistercian monk, named cardinal-priest of Santa Prassede by Pope Innocent II and cardinal-bishop of Ostia and Velletri by Pope Adrian IV, succeeded Pope Alexander III. He lived at Rome from November 1181 to March 1182, but dissensions in the city compelled him to pass the remainder of his pontificate in exile, mainly at Velletri, Anagni and Verona.
He disputed with the emperor Frederick I the disposal of the territories of the Countess Matilda. In November 1184 he held a synod at Verona which condemned the Cathars, Paterines, Waldensians and Arnoldists, and anathematized all heretics and their abettors. Lucius died in the midst of preparations for a crusade in answer to appeals of Baldwin IV of Jerusalem.
Pope Alexander III
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Pope Urban III
Initial text from a 1911 encyclopedia. Please update as needed.