The Mongolian language is the primary language of most of the residents of Mongolia, with the majority of people speaking the Khalkha dialect. It is also spoken in some of the surrounding areas in provinces of China and the Russian Federation. Mongolian is a member of the Altaic language family, which also includes Turkish.
Mongolian has been written in a variety of alphabets over the years. The official Mongolian alphabet was created in the 12th century, although it has undergone transformations and occasionally been supplanted by other scripts since then.