The Mon-Khmer languages
are the autochthonous languages of Indo-China
. Together with the Munda
languages of India
, they compose the Austro-Asiatic phylum of languages. They comprise eleven distinct groups:
- Vietnamese in Vietnam (80 million speakers)
- Cambodian in Cambodia (7 million)
- Aslian languages in peninsular Malaya, split into three groups, viz. Jahaic, Senoic and Semelaic. They are under pressure from Malay.
- Xmu or Khmu in northern Laos
- Katu in central Laos
- Bahnar in southern Laos
- Mon in the lower Salween, Burma (1 million).
- Wa in the upper Salween, Sino-Burmese border.
- Khasi in Meghalhaya, India.
- Nicobarese on the Nicobar Islands.
- Pear is a remnant on the Cambodian coast.