MedianIn statistics, the median is that value that separates the highest half of the sample from the lowest half. To find the median, arrange all the observations from lowest value to highest value and pick the middle one. If there are an even number of observations, take the average of the two middle values. When we use the median to describe what the observations have in common, there are several choices for a measure of variability, the range, the interquartile range, and the absolute deviation. Since the median is the same as the second quartile, its calculation is illustrated in the article on quartiles.
Calculation of medians is a popular technique in summary statistics and summarizing statistical data, since it is simple to understand and easy to calculate, while also giving a measure that is more robust in the presence of outlier values than is the mean.
On an expressway, motorway, or autobahn, the median is the strip of grass or the wall which separates opposing lanes of traffic. This is necessary because of safety concerns, due to the high speed of automobiles on both sides, and the potential danger of a disastrous head-on collision at the combined speed of both vehicles.
Medians function secondarily as "green areas", beautifying roadways. Some jurisdictions mow their medians, others scatter wildflower seeds which germinate and re-seed themselves every year, while still others create extensive plantings of trees, shrubs, herbaceous perennials and decorative grasses.