Marie de FranceMarie de France was a trobairitz, or female troubador, in France and England during the twelfth century C.E. Little is known of her early life; from the language in which her works were composed, it is supposed that she was raised in Normandy. Her name is known from a line in one of her published works: Marie ai nun, si sui de France, which translates as, "My name is Marie, I am from France."
Her written works include the cycle of "Breton lais" (or lays), the "Ysopet" fables, and the Legend of the Purgatory of St. Patrick. The first record of Marie de France is at about 1160 C.E., with the last known record being at about 1215 C.E. One of her works is dedicated to a "King Henry," the other to a "Count William"; it is thought that these refer to Henry II of England and his oldest son, William, Count of Salisbury. As the wife of Henry II, Eleanor of Aquitaine, was well known to be a patroness of troubadors and other artists, it seems logical to assume that Marie de France was a member of their court.