Margaret Smith CourtMargaret Smith Court (pre-marital name: Margaret Jean Smith) (born July 16, 1942) is a retired Australian professional tennis player. She was born in Albury, New South Wales in Australia.
Margaret Smith dominated world tennis in the first half of the 1960s until 1966 when she retired, married Barry Court, and started a family. She returned to tennis in 1970 and that year won all four of the Grand Slam in tennis tournaments, defeating Kerry Melville in the Australian Open final, Helga Niessen in the French Open, Billie Jean King at the Wimbledon championships and Rosie Casals at the U.S. Open. Her Grand Slam achievement was a feat accomplished previously by only one woman, Maureen Connolly, who did it in 1953 and since only by Steffi Graf in 1988.
She retired permanently in 1977 when she learned she was expecting the third of her four children. During her illustrious career, Ms. Court won a record 62 Grand Slam titles and was ranked No.1 in the world seven times: 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1969, 1970, and in 1973. Included in her victories she was the singles champion of the four major tournaments:
- Australian Open - 11 times: 1960 to 1966, 1969 to 1971, 1973
- French Open - 5 times: 1962, 1964, 1969, 1970, 1973
- Wimbledon championships - 3 times: 1963, 1965, 1970
- US Open - 5 times: 1962, 1965, 1969, 1970, 1973