Varieties of Maize
|ITIS 42268 2002-09-22|
In North America, Zea mays is known as "corn", while the other species are known as "maize"; alternatively, the term "corn" may be restricted to sweetcorn, as in Australia, and "maize" or "field corn" used for other varieties of Zea mays. (In other countries, the term "corn" is more general.) Teosinte was once classified as genus Euchlaena, but that is obsolete.
As a food, maize (Zea mays) is used in various forms. One hybridised variety, sweetcorn, is particularly popular. Sweetcorn can be eaten directly off the cob, after boiling or roasting. It is also removed from the cob and cooked as a vegetable. Hominy is popular in the southeastern parts of the US, where it is usually eaten as a component of lunch, dinner, and supper; grits, made from hominy, are commonly eaten for breakfast. Another breakfast food made from maize is corn flakes. The flour of maize is used to make cornbread and Mexican tortillas.
Teosinte (Zea luxurians) is used as fodder.