"Lyons" redirects here. For other usages of "Lyons" click here.
1 406 043 inhabitants
|Cantons||administrative centre of 14 cantons|
(1 commune, 445 452 inhabitants)
|Population (1999)||453 187|
|Metropolitan Population (1999)||1 348 832|
|Area||4 787 hectares|
18.48 square miles
|Table of contents|
2 Colleges and Universities
The Rhône and Saône rivers meet in the centre of the city, which is dominated by the two hills Fourvière and the Croix-Rousse. Fourvière, known as the hill that prays is the location for the highly decorated Notre-Dame de Fourvière basilca, several convents, and the palace of the Archbishop. Croix-Rousse the hill that works was traditionally home to the many small silk workshops, an industry for which the city was renouned.
The Sain-Jean and the Croix-Rousse areas, which are noted for narrow passageways (traboules) that pass through buildings and link the streets either side, were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1998.
On the peninsular between the rivers Rhône and Saône, is the third largest public square in France, and one of the largest in Europe, the place Bellecour.
for several centuries Lyon has been known as the capitals of gastronomy and the silk trade. The Lumière brothers invented cinema in the town in 1898. December 8 each year is marked by a Lumière festival, with the local population putting lamps in their windows.
The Roman Catholic Archbishop of the city holds the title "Primate of the Gauls" (Primat des Gaules) and is the leading Archbishop of France. The archdiocese dates to Roman times before Franks entered modern France - see history below.
During the Renaissance the city developed due to the development of the silk trade, especially with Italy; the Italian influence on Lyon's architecture can still be seen. Thanks to the silk trade, Lyon became an important industrial town during the nineteenth century.
Lyon was a centre for the occupying German forces, and also a stronghold of resistance during World War II, and the town is now home to a resistance museum. The traboules through the houses enabled the locals to escape Gestapo raids.