Lu Xun (鲁迅 in pinyin: lu3 xun4), (1881-1936) is often considered the founder of modern baihua Chinese literature.
Born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, Lu was born Zhou Shuren (周樹人). As a left-wing writer, Lu played an important role in the history of Chinese literature. His books greatly influcenced many Chinese youths. He was a lecturer in the Peking University, after returning from Japan in 1909.
In May 1918, he published the first baihua novel ever, A Madman's Diary (狂人日記 Kuangren Riji). He heavily criticized many old Chinese traditions and family rules. Another of his well-known novels, A True Story of Ah Q (阿Ｑ正傳 Ah Q Zhengzhuan), was published in the 1920s. His other novels include:
- Call to Arms (呐喊 Na Han)
- Wild Grass (野草 Ye Cao)
- Wandering (彷徨 Pang Huang)
- and around 20 more.