Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of BurmaLouis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (June 25, 1900 - August 27, 1979), was a British statesman, uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He was the last Viceroy and first Governor-General of India, and First Sea Lord.
Viceroy Mountbatten of India (1947)
He was born in Windsor Castle, in England, as HSH Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas, Prince of Battenberg, although his German styles and titles were dropped in 1917. He was the son of Prince Louis of Battenberg, who had been obliged to resign as First Sea Lord on the outbreak of World War I because of his German origins. (Battenberg had a youthful affair with the actress Lillie Langtry, and is sometimes said to have been the father of Jeanne Marie Langtry Malcolm.1)
Mountbatten served in the navy during the First World War, and in the Second World War he commanded the 5th destroyer flotilla and was later Supreme Allied Commander in South-East Asia. His experience in the region led to his being appointed Viceroy of India after the war. In his position as Viceroy, Mountbatten oversaw the granting of independence to both India and Pakistan. He was familiarly known to British people as "Lord Louis", and was given the title "Earl Mountbatten of Burma" in recognition of his service in the Far East.
Mountbatten -- known within the family as "Dickie" -- was a strong influence in the upbringing of his great-nephew, Charles, Prince of Wales.
On August 27, 1979, while holidaying as usual in his summer home in Sligo in the Republic of Ireland he was killed by a bomb planted in his boat in Donegal Bay, along with his elder daughter's mother-in-law Lady Brabourne (aged 82), their grandson Nicholas Knatchbull (aged 14), and a local boy working as a crew member, Paul Maxwell (aged 15). The Provisional IRA, admitted the responsibility for the bomb. The killing of Mountbatten, and the accompanying murder of eighteen soldiers the same day in a bombing in Northern Ireland led to public outrage in Ireland. The President of Ireland, Patrick Hillery, and the Taoiseach (prime minister) Jack Lynch both attended a memorial service for Lord Mountbatten in St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin.
He was married in 1922 to Hon. Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (1901-1960), a daughter of Wilfred Ashley, 1st Baron Mount Temple, and his wife, Amalia Cassel. She died in Borneo and was buried at sea. They had two daughters: Lady Patricia Edwina Victoria, Countess Mountbatten of Burma and Lady Brabourne (1924-), and Lady Pamela Carmen Louise, Mrs. David Hicks (1929-). Edwina Mountbatten reportedly had affairs with Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and American actor-singer Paul Robeson.
1It is often assumed (on the basis of Mountbatten's acknowledgement) that Louis Battenberg was the father of Jeanne-Marie. It appears that he paid support money for her in some regard - or Lillie was paid off at any rate. A recent biography of Lillie suggested that the father was really one Arthur Jones and that it was simply more profitable to blame Louis. In any case, given her motherís promiscuity it is difficult to be certain who Jeanne-Marieís father was.