Joy DivisionJoy Division were a rock band that formed in 1976 in Manchester, England. Originally named Warsaw, they assumed the name Joy Division as they gained popularity. This name was a reference to groups of Jewish women in the concentration camps during WWII who were kept for the Nazi guards' sexual pleasure, as described in Ka-tzetnik 135633's 1955 book, The House of Dolls. Signed to Tony Wilson's Factory Records label, they are usually associated with punk rock or new wave music, though their idiosyncratic sound and image were equally influential upon later goth, alternative, and industrial subgenres.
Singer Ian Curtis's lyrics dwelt largely on themes of depression and emotional alienation (as reflected in their ironic name), and they packaged their albums with appropriately minimalist and orderly design work by graphic artist Peter Saville, which often contrasted with some of the more chaotic cut-and-paste styles of other more extroverted punk acts. Their most popular recording was the single "Love will Tear Us Apart", the release of which coincided with Ian Curtis hanging himself in 1980 on the eve of the band's first tour to the United States.
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(all released on Factory Records unless otherwise stated)
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