Jehovah's Witnesses are a Restorationist Christian denomination founded in the 1870s by Charles Taze Russell as a small Bible study group, later known as the International Bible Students. Jehovah's Witnesses consider their religion to be a restoration of original first-century Christianity.
The group's members are known for their racially diverse, close-knit brotherhood, door-to-door evangelizing, and non-participation in government, including politics and military service. They generally exhibit a high degree of commitment to their religion, attending meetings three times a week in their local Kingdom Hall or in private homes. Larger gatherings are held, usually three times a year, in assembly halls or public facilities, such as sports stadiums.
Most trinitarian Christian groups do not consider the Witnesses to be Christian, because of the Witnesses' rejection of the Trinity, as expressed in their affirmation of the Arian belief that Jesus Christ is a created being.
Drawing much of their early membership and some of their theology from the Millerite movement, the Jehovah's Witnesses adopted their current name in 1931 under the direction of Charles Taze Russell's successor, Joseph Franklin Rutherford.
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3 Opposition to Jehovah's Witnesses
4 Related articles
5 External Links
Jehovah's Witnesses claim a world-wide membership of more than 6.3 million active individuals. Witness membership figures refer to the number of active 'publishers' or door-to-door evangelists and are therefore not directly comparable with statistics produced by other religious groups, which may include all associates regardless of their degree of commitment. Well over 15 million people attend at least some of the group's meetings..
Jehovah's Witnesses make vigourous efforts to spread their beliefs throughout the world in a variety of ways, with particular emphasis on the written word. Their teachings are mainly presented through two monthly journals: Awake, published in 86 languages, is a general-interest magazine covering many topics from a religious perspective. The Watchtower, published in 146 languages, focuses mainly on doctrine. With an average circulation of 25 million copies semimonthly, The Watchtower is the most widely distributed religious magazine in the world. At their yearly conventions, new books, brochures, and other items pertaining to the religion's current doctrine are usually released. Additionally, a number of audio- and videocassettes have been produced featuring various aspects of the group's beliefs and practices.
Opposition to Jehovah's Witnesses
Throughout their history, their doctrines and practices have met controversy. Animosity against them has at times led to the point of mob action, government oppression — including being targeted in the Holocaust — and widespread criticism from members of other faiths. In the United States, the well known anti-Semitic priest, Father Coughlin, was especially persistent in leading mobs to attack Witness gatherings.
- Not pledging allegiance to the state (West Virginia State Board of Education vs. Barnette)
- Not saluting the flag
- Refusing to serve in the military
- Preaching in public.
In addition to government opposition, many Christian denominations have accused the Jehovah's Witnesses of being a non-Christian sect and of being a cult, and included them among lists of religious organizations to avoid in instructional material given to their members.