The Jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone.
They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat.
The females are larger than the males; the latter, as in some other wader families like the phalaropes take responsibility for incubation. However, adults of both sexes look identical, as with most shorebirds.
Food is insects and other invertebrates picked from the floating vegetation or the water’s surface.
- ORDER CHARADRIIFORMES
- Suborder Charadrii: waders
- Family Thinocoridae: seedsnipe
- Family Pedionomidae: Plains Wanderer
- Family Scolopacidae: snipe, sandpipers, phalaropes, and allies
- Family Rostratulidae: painted snipe
- Family Jacanidae
- Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis
- African Jacana Actophilornis africana
- Madagascar Jacana Actophilornis albinucha
- Comb-crested Jacana Irediparra gallinacea
- Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus
- Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus
- Northern Jacana Jacana spinosa
- Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana
- Family Chionididae: sheathbills
- Family Burhinidae: thick-knees
- Family Haematopodidae: oystercatchers
- Family Recurvirostridae: avocets
- Family Ibidorhynchidae: Ibisbill
- Family Charadriidae plovers and lapwings
- Family Pluvianellidae: Magellanic Plover
- Family Dromadidae: Crab Plover
- Family Glareolidae: pratincoles and coursers
- Suborder Lari: gulls and allies; 4 families
- Suborder Alcae: auks; 1 family