Henry I of PolandHenry I "the Bearded", Polish Henryk Brodaty (1163-1238) of the Silesian line of the Piast dynasty of rulers, was duke of Lower Silesia from 1201. He later on also became duke of Greater Poland from 1232 until his death and thereby senior prince of all Poland.
Born in Glogow (Glogau), Silesia, he married Hedwig of Andechs (Polish name Jadwiga). Their son, duke Henry II the Pious, was killed in battle against the Mongols at Liegnitz near Wahlstatt three years after succeeding his father.
Henry I was the successor to duke Boleslaw the Long, who had received the ducal position following the intervention in a succession dispute in the province by the Emperor Frederick I of the Holy Roman Empire in 1163.