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They are birds of dense wet forest undergrowth or bamboo stands in the Amazon and Orinoco basins and surrounding slightly higher ground.
They are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, about 5 inches in length. They are quite upright when standing. Sexes differ in plumage, and males are attractively coloured in shades of red and brown. Most species have a white tuft behind the eye. They are insectivorous as the group name implies.
- Rufous Gnateater, Conopophaga lineata
- Chestnut-belted Gnateater, Conopophaga aurita
- Hooded Gnateater, Conopophaga roberti
- Ash-throated Gnateater, Conopophaga peruviana
- Slaty Gnateater, Conopophaga ardesiaca
- Chestnut-crowned Gnateater, Conopophaga castaneiceps
- Black-cheeked Gnateater, Conopophaga melanops
- Black-bellied Gnateater Conopophaga melanogaster