- This article is about the English city of Durham. For other uses see Durham (disambiguation)
In medieval times, Durham was a major centre of both political and ecclesiastical power, mainly due to its strategic importance near the border with Scotland. The Prince-Bishops had in their palatine the power over life and death, coined their own money and maintained their own armies. Every Bishop of Durham from 1071 to 1836 was a Prince Bishop except the first Norman-appointed bishop Walcher, who was an Earl-Bishop.
A popular annual event in Durham is the Durham Miners Gala
Although Durham is geographically situated in County Durham its local government, the City Council, is quite independent of Durham County Council.
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