Democracy Wall MovementIn late 1978 huge "big character" posters began appearing on what came to be known as Democracy Wall in Beijing, China during a period known as Beijing Spring. The posters were questioning Mao and his political legacy. The Democracy Wall movement was suppressed in late 1979.
The Fifth Modernization was a signed wall poster placed by Wei Jingsheng (魏京生) on December 5, 1978 on the Democracy Wall in Beijing. It was the first poster there that openly advocated further individual liberties. It caused a spectacle, espousing that freedom was the the only "modernization'' that really mattered rather than improved living standards. The poster was in response to the government's Four Modernizations campaign.