Guy VIII, Count of Vienne, had a dolphin on his coat of arms and had been nicknamed le Dauphin (French for dolphin). This title descended in his family till 1349, when Humbert II sold his seigneurie, called the Dauphiné, to King Philippe VI on condition that the heir of France assumed the title of le Dauphin.
The first French prince called le Dauphin was Jean II, who succeeded Philippe. The last was the Duc d'Angoulême, son of Charles X, who renounced the title in 1830.
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