refers to the division of a eukaryotic cell
. Cytokinesis generally follows the replication of the cell's chromosomes
, usually mitotically
, but sometimes meiotically
. Except for some special cases, the amount of cytoplasm
in each daughter cell is the same. In animal cells, the cell membrane
forms a cleavage furrow and pinches apart like a balloon. In plant cells, a cell plate forms, which becomes the new cell wall separating the daughters. Various patterns occur in other groups.
See also cell cycle -- cell division -- binary fission.