CesenaCesena (ancient Caesena) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy, south of Ravenna and west of Rimini, on the Savio River, population (2002?) 90,577. It is at the foot of the Apennines, and about 20 km (12 mi) from the Adriatic Sea.
From 752 to 1861, it was a fief directly held by the pope. In 1377, Robert of Geneva, a legate of Pope Gregory XI (and later anti-Pope Clement VII) sacked the town, massacring many of the inhabitants. But during the period 1379-1465, it recovered and prospered under the rule of the Malatesta family, who built a castle overlooking the town. The Malatestiana Library in the castle is considered a fine example of a Renaissance library and holds many valuable manuscripts.