CayorThe Kingdom of Cayor was the largest and most powerful kingdom that split off from the Empire of Jolof (Diolof), in what is now Senegal, West Africa. Cayor was located in north and central Senegal, southeast of Waalo, west of the kingdom of Jolof and north of Baol and the Kingdom of Sine.
In 1549, the king, or "Damel", Detie Fu Ndiogu, became independent from Jolof (Djolof). The capital was at Mboul. After the French conquered Waalo, governor Louis Faidherbe annexed Cayor in 1864, but Cayor got its independence restored in 1871. It was defeated and annexed again in 1879 and ceased to be a sovereign state.
Traditionally the Damel himself was not purely hereditary, but was designated by a 4-member council consisting of:
- the Diawdine Bul, hereditary chief of the Dyambour (free men)
- the Tchialaw, chief of the canton of Dianbagnane
- the Botale, chief of the canton of Ndiop, and
- the Badgie, chief of the canton of Gategne.
The 30th and last Damel of Cayor was Samba Laobe Fall, killed at Tivaouane, Senegal.