CamilleCamille is the name of several films based on the 1852 novel and play La Dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas, fils. The novel was also the basis for Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Traviata. Like the novel, the films tell the story of gay romance in Paris in the 1840s, and one young woman who wins the heart of a wealthy young man, but gives him up for his own good.
In 1915, an English language film, the first one to use the name Camille, was made. It was adapted by Frances Marion and directed by Albert Capellani, and stars Clara Kimball Young, Paul Capellani, Lillian Cook and Robert Cummings. An Italian language film was also made in the same year, called La Signora delle camelie. It was directed by Baldassarre Negroni and Gustavo Serena. It stars Hesperia, Alberto Collo and Ida Carloni Talli.
In 1917 an American film was made, adapted by Adrian Johnson and directed by J. Gordon Edwards. It stars Theda Bara, Alan Roscoe, Walter Law, Glen White, Alice Gale, Claire Whitney and Richard Barthelmess.
A 1926 version was adapted by Fred De Gresac, George Marion Jr, Olga Printzlau and Chandler Sprague. It was directed by Fred Niblo. It stars Norma Talmadge and Gilbert Roland. There are no known copies of this film extant.
Arguably the most famous version was the 1936 Hollywood version. It was adapted by Zoe Akins, Frances Marion and James Hilton, and directed by George Cukor. It stars Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor and Lionel Barrymore. The movie was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress (Greta Garbo). The movie inspired Milton Benjamin to write and publish a song called "I'll Love Like Robert Taylor, Be My Greta Garbo".
A 1953 French version called La Dame aux camélias was adapted by Bernard Natanson and directed by Raymond Bernard. It stars Gino Cervi, Micheline Presle and Roland Alexandre.
A 1954 Mexican version, called Camelia was adapted by José Arenas, Edmundo Báez, Roberto Gavaldón and Gregorio Walerstein. It was directed by Gavaldón, and stars María Félix. In the same year, La Mujer de las camelias, an Argentine version was adapted by Alexis de Arancibia (as Wassen Eisen) and Ernesto Arancibia, and directed by Ernesto Arancibia. It stars Mona Maris.
A 1980 version, La Dame aux camélias, in French, was produced. It was adapted by Jean Aurenche, Enrico Medioli and Vladimir Pozner, and directed by Mauro Bolognini. It stars Carla Fracci.
In 1984 a version of Camille was produced for television. It was adapted by Blanche Hanalis and directed by Desmond Davis. It stars Greta Scacchi, Colin Firth, John Gielgud, Billie Whitelaw, Patrick Ryecart, Denholm Elliott and Ben Kingsley.