Buenaventura DurrutiBuenaventura Durruti (July 14 1896 in Leon, Spain - November 20 1936) was a central figure of Spanish anarchism during the period leading up to and during the Spanish Civil War.
He started work aged 14 in the railway yard in Leon. In 1917 the Union General de Trabajadores (UGT) called a strike in which Durruti was an active and prominent participant. The Spanish Government brought in the Army, to suppress the strike: they killed 70 people and injured more than 500 workers. 2,000 of the strikers were imprisoned without trial or legal process. The Army had, in the words of one observer, 'saved the nation'. Durruti escaped to France.
During his exile until 1920, Durruti worked in Paris as a mechanic. He was persuaded to go to Barcelona to organise the workers there.
In Barcelona, with García Oliver and a number of other anarchists, he founded "Los Solidarios" (Solidarity). Members of this group attempted unsuccessfully to blow up Alfonso XIII the Spanish king. In the wake of this and another botched exploits, Durruti fled to Argentina.
At some point Durruti returned to Spain and Barcelona where he returned to his work of subversion, becoming prominent within the CNT.
On July 24 1936 Durruti led 2000 armed anarchists (later to become known as the Durruti Column) from Barcelona to Zaragoza. After a brief and bloody battle at Caspe, they halted at Pina de Ebro, lacking the weapons for a final assault on Zaragoza.
Emma Goldman's Durruti is Dead, Yet Living (1936)
Quotations by Durruti
- "There are only two roads, victory for the working class, freedom, or victory for the fascists which means tyranny. Both combatants know what's in store for the loser. We are ready to end fascism once and for all, even in spite of the Republican government."
- "No government fights fascism to destroy it. When the bourgeoisie sees that power is slipping out of its hands, it brings up fascism to hold onto their privileges."