Barings BankBarings Bank, previously known as Baring Brothers & Co., is the oldest merchant banking company in England, having been founded in 1762.
Barings collapsed on February 26, 1995, due to the activities of one trader, Nick Leeson, who lost $1.4 billion by gambling on the Tokyo Stock Exchange with primarily derivative securities. This was the second time Barings had faced bankruptcy, the first being in 1890 when a significant amount of investment was lost in South America following the Argentinan revolution. However, at that time, they had been bailed out by the Bank of England and other London banks.
Nick Leeson's autobiography of the event leading up to the collapse were dramatized in the movie Rogue Trader.