Balfour Declaration, 1917The Balfour Declaration was a document published on November 2 1917 by British foreign minister Arthur James Balfour, which stated that Great Britain supported the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The precondition for such a homeland was that "nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine".
In return for a homeland in Palestine, the Zionists should work intensively to get all Jews of the world to join the British side in the ongoing war against Germany.
This declaration was made in the letter to Lord Rothschild, and expressed the view of the British Cabinet.
The declaration read as follows:
- Foreign Office
- November 2nd, 1917
- Dear Lord Rothschild,
- I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty's Government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.
- "His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country."
- I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist Federation.
- Yours sincerely,
- Arthur James Balfour