Art DecoArt Deco was a movement in decorative arts and architecture, deriving its name from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes held in Paris in 1925. It was a major style in Europe and the US during the 1930s. The term Art Deco was apparently not coined until the 1960s, and its practitioners were not working as a coherent community of stylists. It is considered to be eclectic, being influenced by a variety of sources, to name a few
- primitive art of countries such as Africa, Egypt
- the Russian ballet
- animal motifs and forms
- female forms
- modern technology such as radio, skyscraper, etc.,
A parallel movement- the Streamline or Streamline Moderne, was influenced by manufacturing and streamlining techniques arising from science and mass production- shape of bullet, liners, etc., where aerodynamics are involved. Streamlined forms began to be used even for objects such as pencil sharpeners and refrigerators. In architecture, this style was characterised by rounded corners, used predominantly for buildings at road junctions.
Some historians see Art Deco as a type of or early form of Modernism
Though Art Deco slowly lost patronage in the West, in colonial countries such as India, it became a gateway for Modernism, and continued to be used well after, even in the nineteen sixties.
Noted Art Deco Artists and Designers
- Jean Dunand
- Jean Dupas
- Rene Lalique
- Tamara de Lempicka
- Paul Manship
- Walter Dorwin Teague
- C. Paul Jennewein
- Chrysler Building
- Interior of ocean liner Normandie
- Napier, New Zealand - In 1931 the city of Napier was levelled by the Napier earthquake and ensuing fires. The city was rebuilt in the Art Deco style.
- http://orathost.cfa.ilstu.edu/exhibits/pcfare/deco.html (Art Deco page by Phil Fare)
- http://www.artlex.com/ArtLex/a/artdeco.html (ArtLex on Art Deco)
- V & A Art Deco exhibition