Ansbach is a town in Bavaria, Germany.
It is the capital of the administrative region of Middle Franconia.
Ansbach is situated south west of Nuremberg at the Frankish-Rezat, an arm of the Main river.
Population: 39,800 (1999).
In 1331 the town became subordinate to the Hohenzollern state, and only thirty years later Ansbach was the capital of the state. When the Hohenzollern family was elevated to become electors of Brandenburg, the Ansbach state was not united with Brandenburg and remained independent (sometimes called Brandenburg-Ansbach in order to express the connection between the Hohenzollern states).
Ansbach was home of the astronomer Simon Marius, who observed the Jupiter moons from the castle's tower. Later he claimed to be the discoverer of the moons, what led to a dispute with the true discoverer Galileo Galilei.