Adenosine monophosphateAdenosine monophosphate, also known as AMP, is the product of adenosine condensation with a single phosphate ion:
- 2 ADP → ATP + AMP
- ADP → AMP + Pi
- ATP → AMP + PPi
AMP can be regenerated to ATP as follows:
- AMP + ATP → 2 ADP (adenylate kinase in the opposite direction)
- 2 ADP + 2 Pi → 2 ATP (this step is most often performed in aerobes by the ATP synthase during oxidative phosphorylation)
In a catabolic pathway, adenosine monophosphate can be converted to uric acid, which is excreted from the body.