7400 seriesThe 7400 series of TTL integrated circuit SSI devices were historically important as the first widespread family of IC devices. Modern variants of the family are still used today for "glue logic".
They were constructed using bipolar transistors, although some newer sub-series use CMOS technology. These circuits provide higher speed but consume more power than the 4000 series of CMOS devices. TTL devices are also limited to a set voltage, typically 5V. The family contains many hundreds of devices that provide everything from basic logic gates to special purpose bus transceivers and Arithmetic Logic Units (ALU). The 7400 series is numerically and electrically equivalent to the 5400 series. The 5400 series are milspec rated devices for use in extreme conditions.
- 7400 series subfamilies
The 7400 NAND gate was the first digital integrated circuit. It was used in a wire-wrapped array to create the Apollo guidance computer. It originally retailed for nearly $1000 per package of four gates, in 1960, when a well-paid engineer earned $9500/year.
The computer for the minuteman missile used these circuits in such large quantities that the prices fell to only $15 per package of four gates, paying for the difficult new lithographic assembly lines, and enabling the sharply-reducing prices of the modern digital computer.
Currently (2003), individual chips can be purchased for approximately $0.25 each, depending on the particular chip. Purchased in bulk the price per unit falls to a few pennies per package.