5th millennium BC(6th millennium BC - 5th millennium BC - 4th millennium BC - other millennia)
- Creation of the world, according to some analyses of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, based mainly on a literal interpretation of the genealogy of early mankind given in the Book of Genesis. See Estimates of the date of Creation.
- Merimde culture on the Nile, c. 4750 - 4250 BC.
- Civilization of Susa and Kish in Mesopotamia (c. 4500 BC)
- Badari culture on the Nile, c. 4400 - 4000 BC.