212 BCCenturies: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC
- Syracuse conquered by the Romans during the Second Punic War
- Second Punic War: First Battle of Capua Hannibal defeats the consuls Q. Fulvius Flaccus and Appius Claudius, but the Roman army escapes.
- Second Punic War: Hannibal destroys the army of the Roman praetor M. Centenius Penula in the Battle of the Silarus, then destroys the Roman army of the praetor Gnaeus Fulvius in the Battle of Herdonia.
- Archimedes, scientist