- February 8 - Catherine I became empress of Russia
- February 20 - The first reported case of white men scalping Native Americans takes place in New Hampshire colony.
- March 11 - Prince Henry Benedict Stuart, later claimant to the throne of Great Britain as King Henry IX and figurehead for Jacobitism.
- April 2 - Casanova, adventurer and writer (died in 1798)
- July 24 - John Newton cleric, songwriter (Amazing Grace).
- December 11 - George Mason U.S. Patriot, "Father of the Bill of Rights"