- June 1 - With the death of the Duc d'Anjou, the Huguenot Henry of Navarre becomes heir-presumptive to the throne of France.
- Archangelsk is founded in northern Russia.
- Feodor I succeeds his father Ivan IV as Tsar of Russia
- 16 December - John Selden, English jurist
- William Baffin, explorer (+ 1622)
- Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese swordsman